Services Offered by Otolaryngologists
Otolaryngologists in Iran provide services that cover the different congenital and acquired pathologies of the ear. These services include diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of chronic otitis media and common malignant and benign tumors of the temporal bone and implanting hearing devices. Otolaryngologists use a range of advanced methods for hearing restoration: novel otology surgeries, such as the cochlear implants (CI) and implant hearing aids, have been performed in Iran for decades. The most commonly used devices are the CI, the Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA), and the Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB).
Not only do Iranian otolaryngologists offer hearing restoration, but they also diagnose and treat balance disorders. Otolaryngologists' other duties include microsurgical surgeries in the cerebellopontine angle, facial nerve surgeries, reconstruction of ear anomalies, and lateral skull base trauma treatment. The most common surgeries in this field are tympanoplasty, tympanomastoidectomy, glomous tumor surgery, acoustic neuroma surgery, CI, and ventilation tube (VT) insertion. Due to the region's location, treatments and educational services such as, regional and temporal bone dissection courses, are occasionally offered to neighboring countries.
While residents all over Iran currently have access to audiology services, some places—such as clinics and hospitals in bigger cities—offer more comprehensive services. Audiologists in Iran work in many different settings including ENT offices, private clinics, universities, hospitals, special education organizations, department of veterans, and industries.
Main audiology services include:
- Assessment of hearing
- Selection, dispensing, and fitting of hearing aids
- Aural rehabilitation
- Assessment of balance
- Vestibular rehabilitation
- Diagnosis and management of hearing and balance disorders
- Tinnitus assessment and rehabilitation
- Monitoring, mapping, and programming cochlear implants, and other related surgical implants
- Newborn hearing screenings and infant diagnostic tests
- Noise measurements in work environments and hearing screening for industrial employees; hearing protection is also provided
Although some of these services are limited, most of them are widely available. For instance, balance assessment, vestibular rehabilitation, and the monitoring, mapping, and programming of cochlear implants are limited. These services are currently available only in some university clinics, hospitals, public institutions, and a few private clinics in larger cities.